GIS

Geographic Information System (GIS) a system of hardware and software that store, retrieve, map and analyze geographic and location based data along with the operating personnel and the data that goes into the system. It is the computer technology that enables users to apply layers of information and data to a geographic map in order to demonstrate a relationship between the geographic region and the data.

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Geographic information system

A geographic information system lets us visualize, analyze, and infer data to understand relationships, shapes, and movements. It coordinates system in both latitude and longitude to give a 360⁰ view of your analyzed data. GIS is a broad term which refers to a number of different technologies, procedures, and methods. This system is attached to many operations and has many applications related to engineering, logistics, planning, management, business, insurance, and telecommunications. That’s why GIS and location intelligence applications can be the foundation for many location-enabled services that rely on analysis and visualization.

Illustration of GIS

It has some special features like constructing rivers and roads based on traffic movement on an area. Some firms offer services combine GIS with updated census data, consumer spending patterns and lifestyle. GIS data benefits organizations of all sizes, in almost every industry and country. There is a growing interest and awareness of the economic and strategic value of GIS.

GIS provides every kind of location based organization a platform to update geographical data without wasting time to visit the field and update a database manually. When GIS gets integrated with other powerful enterprise solutions like SAP, it helps creating powerful decision support system (DSS) at enterprise level. An active GIS market has resulted in lower costs and continual improvements in the hardware and software components of GIS. It is also diverging into location-based services which permits GPS-enabled mobile devices to display their location in relation to fixed objects (i.e. nearest restaurant, hotel, bank, hospital) or moving objects (i.e. people, car etc.), or to relay their position back to a central server for display or other processing.

GIS is widely used to optimize maintenance schedules and daily fleet movements. General implementations can result in a savings of 10 to 30 percent in operational expenses through reduction in fuel use and staff time, efficient scheduling, improved customer service, etc. GIS is also the go-to technology used for making better decisions about location. For examples GIS include real estate site selection, evacuation planning, conservation, route/corridor selection, natural resource extraction, etc. Making right choice about location is critical to the success of an organization.

GIS can assist

GIS is based on maps and visualizations greatly assist in understanding situations more precisely. At present, many organizations have taken a primary responsibility of maintaining authoritative records about the status and change of geography. GIS offers a strong framework for managing these types of records with full transaction support and reporting tools.

Geographic Information System can assist in understanding the complex interrelationships of natural resources and human population as they relate to potential or known pollution sources. GIS is becoming crucial to understanding what is happening and what will happen in geographic space. If we can understand, we will be able to prescribe action. This new approach to management to managing geographically and it’s transforming the way organizations operate.